The Russian Dwarf Hamster

The Russian dwarf hamster is a member of the species Chordata's Phodopus genus. Other names of the Russian dwarf hamster are Djungarian hamster, striped dwarf hamster, and Siberian hamster.

Russian dwarf hamsters have an average lifespan of 12 months in the wild, but they can reach up to 2 years with the proper care. When these little creatures reach adulthood, they can reach a height of 3 inches and weigh just 30 grams.

This breed thrives in the subtropical climate zones of Kazakhstan, China, Russia, and Mongolia. This post will highlight and discuss the Russian Dwarf Hamster and its unique characteristics.

Habitat Russian Dwarf Hamster

Russian dwarf hamsters can squeeze into wires of a metal cage and destroy complex setups with plastic connecting tubes, which may lead to eventual escape.

Russian dwarfs should live in solid cage with good-quality lids. A food dish and a water bottle are equally needed to hang over the cage side. Shavings from aspen trees make for a secure and cosy bed.

Hamsters enjoy having a place to hide and even something as straightforward as a cardboard tube from a roll of paper towels would do. Toys like chew sticks made of wood satisfy their urge to chew while also helping to prevent their teeth from wearing down and becoming too long.


Russian dwarf hamsters are granivorous (seed-eaters). Russian dwarf hamsters primarily eat seeds and a small amount of herb-based vegetables, although they also consume animal proteins.

Dwarf hamsters naturally collect little insects, so it is advantageous if their diet includes animal proteins. "Hoarding" is another term for carrying food in cheek pouches. The cheek pouch muscle keeps the food in the cheek pouch so the hamster can carry it out swiftly and safely.

Commonly produced hamster diets ought to have 15–20% protein. Your hamster will like a mixture of fruits, seeds, vegetables, and pellets, but if you notice that he is only eating his favourite ingredients while ignoring the rest, switch to pellets to ensure he is eating a balanced diet.

Fresh vegetable servings every day complete a hamster's diet. Although your Russian dwarf will like the occasional piece of fresh or dried fruit, excessive consumption might lead to obesity. Likewise, steer clear of raw beans, unripe tomatoes, undercooked green potato peels, fried or oily food, and desserts.

Russian Dwarf Hamster Can Be A Little Nippy

Russian dwarf hamsters are known for being nippy. You'll need more dedication and care to hand-tame a Russian dwarf than the larger species, but they will gradually get used to you. Compared to Campbell's hamsters, winter whites are less aggressive and less likely to bite.

However, young children shouldn't keep Russian dwarfs as pets. The hamster and the youngster may get hurt due to their propensity to nip and fragile nature. Russian dwarf hamsters are nocturnal, like all hamsters, and are most active at night when kids are sleeping.

The activities Russian dwarfs can perform to amuse you are endless, ranging from playing with toys to erecting structures in their habitat. They are very desirable pets for families and teenagers for their entertaining activities.

A rodent with a thick body, a small, almost undetectable tail, and noticeable cheek pouches. Adults are average three to four inches long and have a dark grey upper body and white underparts. In addition to these hues, Russian dwarf hamsters can also come in albinos, black, cinnamon, lilac, and blush tones. Some of these animals are also mottled. Wintertime temperatures may cause them to turn white.

 The nature and temperament of Russian hamsters

The Russian Dwarf Hamster is a friendly and affectionate animal. They are docile creatures, yet when attacked, their survival instinct takes over, and they may delicately bite or pinch the threat.

Therefore, a secure environment is crucial to prevent kids from feeling frightened. They can also be quite engaged because they are very social. Interestingly, out of all the hamster breeds, the Russian hamsters were discovered to be the friendliest.

Caring for Russian dwarf hamster

Both during the day and at night, these dwarf hamsters are very busy. In addition, since they typically have nearsightedness, their vision is poor. As a result, it is best to speak to your pet and get it used to your voice before picking it up, as it may nip out of stress or fear if it is unsure who is picking it up.

The Russian Dwarf Hamster will eventually come to know you as a friend and become more receptive to cuddling and touching if you do this gently and carefully.  

The health of the Russian Dwarf Hamster

In general, Russian Dwarf Hamsters are very healthy creatures. However, the most prevalent health issues are dental, diabetes, Parkinson's (shaking), and eye issues. Therefore, we advise you to check your hamsters' teeth frequently to detect any dental problems early.

The Russian Dwarf Hamster must be purebred and not hybrid (crossed with the Campbell) to prevent diabetes. Additionally, the colour Mandarin has the highest risk of diabetes; thus, it must be appropriately bred. Finally, sweet treats shouldn't be offered to pets with a genetic or inherited susceptibility to diabetes.

Parkinson's disease or trembling is most noticeable in dwarf hamsters when the colour black, Russian blue, Merle black, pearl black, Merle Russian blue, or pearl black is present.

Environmental characteristics and needs

Dwarf hamsters can be kept together in pairs of the same sex, but watch out for symptoms of a falling-out—if this occurs, you may need to separate the animals. It's interesting to note that if you decide to get two dwarf hamsters together, ensure you get them simultaneously so they can get along immediately.

The Beautiful Colours of the Russian Dwarf Hamster

A winter white hamster's coat turns white in the wild as a result of the longer nights and shorter days. The hamster spends the entire year in captivity with her coat remaining grey because the day length remains constant indoors.

The colours of Campbell's hamsters range more, from light grey to black. Gray and other single solid colours are most frequently used. Some of them may have shading, markings, or a black stripe running down the middle of the back.

Bottom Line

Russian dwarf hamsters are clever tiny animals that, once domesticated, make for the most devoted pets. These small, agile creatures need a healthy diet, adequate exercise, grooming, and training to thrive.

A Russian dwarf hamster is an ideal companion if you're seeking a tender, lovable animal that requires minimal upkeep and is not prone to life-threatening illnesses.


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